Reasons for Gum Disease:

  • Build up of plaque and tartar on teeth and under the gum line
  • Bacteria build up can spread and cause infections, which leads to bone loss
  • Affects well over 70% of the adult populations

Gum disease (Periodontal Disease) is responsible for about 70 percent of adult tooth loss. It is characterized by swollen, inflamed gums surrounding the teeth. Plaque, a sticky substance that forms in the mouth from food, saliva and bacteria gets inside the space between the gum line and the tooth. If not removed, plaque hardens into a substance called calculus or tartar that is very difficult to remove. Eventually, the bacteria in the plaque and tartar eat away at the fibers that hold the gums to the teeth, creating deep pockets. As bacteria spread, the pockets become deeper until the bacteria finally eat away the bone that holds the tooth in place.

Think of it as if bugs are eating away at the soil around a tree trunk. Eventually, they eat away all of the soil and part of the tree’s roots, causing the tree to collapse.

Diagnosis:

Gum disease is diagnosed through a process that measures the depth of the pockets around each tooth. Pockets that are greater than 3 millimeters in depth are considered hazardous and will generally require treatment.

The early detection and prevention of gum disease is another reason to see your dentist regularly.

Treatment

  • After a diagnosis, professional cleaning can remove the sources of infections and can often begin to reverse the process
  • Home care plays an important role in preventing the disease but home care alone will never reverse the process.
  • Localized antibiotic treatment can be placed in specific pocket areas

Gum disease is treated by carefully removing the bacteria and substances that form in the pockets around the teeth. The removal of this material occurs on a microscopic level and requires great skill. Our dental team has had advanced training regarding how to effectively remove all of the bacteria.

This process of removing the bacteria usually requires several visits to our office. Once the bacteria has been removed, the pockets must be cleaned and maintained on a regular basis by your dentist. Otherwise, the bacteria will return.

Long-Term Care:

Keep in mind that once you have contracted periodontal disease, you will always have the disease due to the damage that it does to your body. Careful daily hygiene and regular dental visits to clean your pockets are required to keep the bacteria from returning. After the initial dental appointments to remove the bacteria, you will be placed on a regular appointment schedule called “periodontal maintenance” to keep your pockets free of bacteria.

Remember, it is always better to prevent disease than to treat disease.

Laser Therapy:

  • Our hygienists have been trained in specialized laser therapy that can significantly stop damage done by periodontal disease.
  • Disinfects diseased gums while you are numb during deep cleanings to make the long-term outcome and health of your tissue more successful

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